I love the nature of the discussion. Land use planning, maintain Vs. build are all important factors in infrastructure spending decisions. I'd like to see some thoughts on Technology- there is a lot of research that technology investments can add significant capacity and safety without additional pavement. It's not science fiction anymore.
I would also like add some big picture perspective about how much resource is dedicated by Federal, State and Local resources to transportation infrastructure in Ohio. The bullets below detail most of the ways state gas tax and state share of federal funds are distributed to local governments.
In addition, the state sends about $300 million in Motor Vehicle license revenue to local governments. To be clear- these are not GRANTS, but deposits made in local government accounts every month via direct deposit. In total, the two sources provide almost a Billion dollars BEFORE the grant and loan programs detailed below.
Local governments have the option of adding $5 to $15 on top of the state MV license fee for their own use. That provides about $160 million in revenue. Many people are surprised to know that there are over 1,800 property tax levies for local roads and bridges that generates about $200 million in revenue. In addition, manhy cities and counties designate sales tax or income tax specifically for infrastructure, but no one has been able to provide me with a statewide total. Local governments also have the option of using general revenues for infrastructure as well.
So- I have asked many people to identify what we sepnd each year on transportation infrastructure, but I have not been able to get a clear estimate, but from all of these identified sources- conservatively it's over $2.6 Billion or roughly $226 per capita.
I will laso upload a fact sheet from ODOT that includes more detail about these programs and contacts if someone ewants to follow up with a program manager for more information.
All figures are FY14 Budgeted unless otherwise noted
· Direct Distributions of State Motor Fuel Tax Available to Local Gov for Roadway Projects- $ 550 million
Counties – $ 200 million, Townships –$ 117 million, Municipalities - $233 million
· Other State agencies who distribute $ for local projects
o Development Services Agency (ODSA): Roadwork Development (629) Fund- $15 million per year
o Public Works Commission: Local Transportation Improvement Program currently provides approximately $ 59 million in gasoline tax receipts annually (the equivalent of one cent).
o Department of Transportation: Transportation Improvement Districts (TID) $3.5 million per year.
· Other State Funding Sources:
o Public Works Commission: State Capital Improvement Program (SCIP) Approximately $150 million per year
o Public Works Commission: Revolving Loan Program $30 - $35 million per year in below market rate loans
o Ohio Rail Development Commission (Revolving Loan Fund) - $2 million
o ODOT: State Infrastructure Bank (SIB) Funds available to Loan - $ 40 million, Bond capacity available - $ 119 million
o ODOT: Jobs and Commerce - $5 million
· Federal $: ODOT Local Programs:
o MPO & Large City - $ 188 million
o County Engineers Association - $ 63 million: County Surface, County Highway Safety, County Local Bridge
o Safety - $ 100 million
o Small City - $ 9 million
o Municipal Bridge - $ 4 million
o Enhancements - $ 11million
o Safe Routes to Schools - $ 4 million
o ODOT: Transportation Review Advisory Council – $120 million Major new capacity projects are those which cost ODOT more than $5 million and does one or more of the following: increase mobility, provide connectivity, increase the accessibility of a region for economic development, increase the capacity of a transportation facility, or reduce congestion.
o District Bridge Program - $ 240 million Program provides funding for preservation and replacement of existing state owned structures in the 12 ODOT districts throughout Ohio.
o District Pavement Preservation – $ 501 million (includes $29 million for Urban Paving)
o ODOT: Urban Paving - $ 29 million This program provides funds for eligible surface treatment and resurfacing projects on state and U.S. Routes within municipal corporations.
o ODOT: Major Bridge - $ 78 million Funding for the rehabilitation or replacement of 175 structures carrying a state, U.S. or Interstate route which meet the major bridge criteria.
o ODOT: Major Rehab - $ 180 million- Major reconstruction of priority system pavements statewide.